Assalamualaikum SS Dato’ Seri Mufti. I once heard an ustaz said that there is no supplication after iqamah like the supplication after adhan. Is this statement true?
Waalaikumussalam wrt. wbt.
Alhamdulillah, praise and thanks to Allah for the countless blessings He has blessed us all with. Blessings and salutations to the Prophet Muhammad PBUH, his wives, his family, companions and all those that follow his teachings to the day of judgement.
The practise of supplicating after adhan is stated in the hadith of the Prophet PBUH, where Jabir bin ‘Abdillah RA heard the Prophet PBUH said:
مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعُ النِّدَاءَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ، حَلَّتْ لَهُ شَفَاعَتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ
"Whoever after listening to the Adhan says, 'Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-dda` watit-tammah, was-salatil qa'imah, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata wal-fadilah, wa b`ath-hu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa`adtahu' [O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (perfect by not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established, give Muhammad the right of intercession and illustriousness, and resurrect him to the best and the highest place in Paradise that You promised him (of)], then my intercession for him will be allowed on the Day of Resurrection".
Sahih al-Bukhari (614)
According to the above hadith, the scholars agreed that there is a supplication after the adhan, but they have differing opinions as to whether the same supplication is recited after the iqamah.
Scholars of madhab Syafie ruled it sunnah to supplicate after iqamah the same as the supplication after the adhan. This is the opinion of Imam al-Nawawi, Imam Ibn Hajar al-Haitami and Imam Khatib as-Syarbini. (Refer: Al-Majmu’ Syarh al-Muhazzab, 3/122; Tuhfatul Muhtaj, 1/482; Mughni al-Muhtaj, 1/329)
Imam Ibn Qudamah from madhab Hanbali states that it is sunnah to recite zikr for those who hear the iqamah with the same zikr recited during the adhan. (Refer Al-Mughni, 1/310)
This opinion shows that he does not differentiate between the adhan and iqamah. The same as answering the iqamah, it is also sunnah to supplicate after the iqamah with the same supplication after the adhan.
However, Imam al-Mardawi from madhab Hanbali said there is no supplication that is sunnah after the iqamah and before takbiratul ihram. (Refer Al-Insaf fi Ma’rifati ar-Rajih min al-Khilaf, 2/41)
Some scholars also added that it is sunnah to supplicate with any supplication after the iqamah and this is what is practised by Imam Ahmad where he supplicates with raised hands. (Refer Mathalib Uli an-Nuha, 1/303)
To conclude, in our opinion, there is a supplication after the iqamah according to the opinion of scholars of madhab al-Syafie and this is supported by several opinions in other madhabs.